Enabling the Business
of Agriculture
Why focus on enabling the business environment in agriculture?
78% of the world’s poor live in rural areas, and depend on agriculture for food, income and jobs. There is a need to feed the growing global population, expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050. Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) aims to foster a more conducive environment for agribusiness by providing key data on regulatory frameworks that are globally comparable and actionable.
What does EBA measure?
Enabling the Business of Agriculture
Environmental Sustainability

Mitigating the impact of farming on the environment is an important challenge to guarantee the long-term sustainability of agricultural production.

Enabling the Business of Agriculture

Identifying and analyzing the direct and indirect regulatory barriers to women’s full participation in the agricultural sector is essential to increasing productivity among women.

Enabling the Business of Agriculture

Secure land tenure provides incentives for land-attached investments to enhance productivity of land use and discourage unsustainable practices (such as soil mining) that generate negative effects.

Enabling the Business of Agriculture

Livestock is one of the fastest-growing agricultural sub-sectors in the world. It accounts for around 40% of agricultural output in the developing world and is a main source of income for one in five people across the globe.

Enabling the Business of Agriculture 2017 (EBA17) covers 62 countries in seven regions, and presents topic scores in eight of the different areas measured: seed, fertilizer, machinery, finance, markets, transport, water and ICT. Higher topic scores represent a larger number of good practices observed in the laws and regulations measured by each EBA topic.
How do regions perform in EBA17?
Select 1 out of 8 topics

OECD High Income

Spain ranks among the top six countries globally in all EBA topics.

Europe & Central Asia

Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia are among the top 5 performers in the fertilizer topic.

Latin America & Caribbean

Colombia and Mexico score top 10 in the finance and water topics.

Sub-Saharan Africa

Kenya is the best performer in the region, and ranks within top 5 in the water topic.

SOURCE: EBA database
How does your country perform in EBA17?

The radar chart provides a visual comparison of 3 countries’ performance in the 8 topics scored in EBA17: seed, fertilizer, machinery, finance, markets, transport, water and ICT. Higher scores represent a larger number of good practices observed in the laws and regulations measured by each EBA topic.

Select the countries you want to compare:
SOURCE: EBA database
Did you know…?
Enabling the Business of Agriculture

Most countries measured by EBA17 (82%) require medium-sized farms to get a water use permit for irrigation, which is a key tool to manage and allocate water resources effectively.

Enabling the Business of Agriculture

In Malawi, it costs more than 30 times the income per capita to register a new fertilizer product, while the global average is 1.7 times.

Enabling the Business of Agriculture

Only 39% of the countries studied by EBA17 have licensed digital dividend spectrum to mobile operators, fostering greater coverage in rural areas. None of these countries are located in East Asia and Pacific or Sub-Saharan Africa.


In less than half of EBA17 countries (28), tractor type approval is mandatory. This process contributes to the safety and technical reliability of tractors, and is observed in the majority of OECD high-income and Europe and Central Asian countries.


It takes 970 days to register a new seed variety in Kyrgyz Republic, while it takes 166 days in Guatemala and the global average is 554 days.


Laws on branchless banking activities have been recently reformed: 10 of the countries measured by EBA17 introduced e-money regulations in the past year, facilitating farmers’ access to payments, transfers and savings.


Almost one quarter of the countries studied by EBA17 (14) restrict trade through agriculture-specific price controls, mainly on cereals and cash crop commodities. 9 of those countries are located in Sub-Saharan Africa.


Cabotage rights, the most permissive regime for foreign truck operations, are observed in only 8 countries studied by EBA17, including Denmark, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Spain.

To learn more about the EBA project and data, please visit: eba.worldbank.org